Climate Change: International Regulation of GHG Emissions from Aircraft

The Kyoto Protocol and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change explicitly exclude international emissions of air movements from the national targets of industrialized countries. Instead, Kyoto is calling on the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to address this issue. Recently, ICAO failed to reach agreement on legitimate sanctions in line with the purpose of limiting the cost of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

On October 8, 2010, the 190 ICAO members had a resolution that sought to improve fuel economy and limit the greenhouse gas emissions of the aircraft. According to the decision, the ICO has improved the efficiency from 2% per year to 2050 levels by 2020...